The equation of state of CaSiO3 perovskite to 108 GPa at 300 K

Sang Heon Shim, Thomas S. Duffy, Guoyin Shen

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95 Scopus citations


Pressure-volume measurements have been performed for CaSiO3 perovskite to 108 GPa at 300 K using NaCl and argon pressure-transmitting media, and energy dispersive X-ray diffraction (EDXD) in a diamond-anvil cell (DAC). By determining a parameter that is the product of the elastic anisotropy, S, and the uniaxial stress component, t, for each data point, we define the stress condition of the sample. For different points at the same pressure in a temperature-quenched sample, the St value can differ by as much as a factor of 5, indicating heterogeneity in the stress condition. This may be responsible for the large scatter of earlier P-V measurements in the DAC which in general used a large diameter X-ray beam. Also, the St value provides insight into the elastic anisotropy, S, of CaSiO3 perovskite and platinum. The sign of S (positive) for CaSiO3 perovskite agrees with first principles calculations but the magnitude may be inconsistent. A new compression curve at 300 K was obtained for CaSiO3 perovskite by using those data points which represent the most nearly hydrostatic conditions. It is observed that the data points with high St values yield larger volumes than the points with small St values at a given pressure. By selecting the data points having low St values (St ≤ 0.005), combining with lower pressure large volume press (LVP) measurements and fitting to third order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state (EOS), we find that CaSiO3 perovskite is more compressible (V0 = 45.58 ± 0.05 Å3, K(T0) = 236 ± 4 GPa, and K'(T0) = 3.9 ± 0.2 GPa) than suggested by previous studies. The density and bulk modulus of CaSiO3 perovskite at lower mantle pressures and 300 K are 1-3% greater and 5-15% smaller, respectively, than found in previous studies. This study demonstrates that defining the stress state of the sample is crucial to obtain an accurate 300 K compression curve for unquenchable high-pressure phases. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-338
Number of pages12
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Bulk modulus
  • CaSiO perovskite
  • Diamond anvil cell
  • Pressure derivative of bulk modulus
  • Quasi-hydrostatic


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