The effect of hydrogen addition on flammability limit and NOx emission in ultra-lean counterflow CH4/air premixed flames

Hongsheng Guo, Gregory J. Smallwood, Fengshan Liu, Yiguang Ju, Ömer L. Gülder

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The effect of hydrogen addition to ultra lean counterflow CH4/air premixed flames on the extinction limits and the characteristics of NOx emission was investigated by numerical simulation. Detailed chemistry and complex thermal and transport properties were employed. The results show that the addition of hydrogen can significantly enlarge the flammable region and extend the flammability limit to lower equivalence ratios. If the equivalence ratio is kept constant, the addition of hydrogen increases the emission of NO in a flame due to the enhancement in the rate of the NNH or N2O intermediate NO formation routes. The addition of hydrogen causes a monotonic decrease in the formation of NO2 and N2O, except flames near the extinction limits, where the emission of NO2 and N2O first increases, and then decreases with the increase in the fraction of hydrogen. Overall, hydrogen enrichment technology allows stable combustion under ultra lean conditions, resulting in significant CO2 and NO emission reduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-311
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2005
Event30th International Symposium on Combustion - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Jul 25 2004Jul 30 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


  • Extinction limit
  • Hydrogen enrichment
  • NO
  • Ultra-lean premixed flame


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