The CMS Level-1 Calorimeter Trigger for the LHC Run II

A. Zabi, F. Beaudette, L. Cadamuro, O. Davignon, T. Romanteau, T. Strebler, M. Cepeda, J. B. Sauvan, N. Wardle, R. Aggleton, F. Ball, J. Brooke, D. Newbold, S. Paramesvaran, D. Smith, J. Taylor, C. Foudas, M. Baber, A. Bundock, S. BreezeM. Citron, A. Elwood, G. Hall, G. Iles, C. Laner, B. Penning, A. Rose, A. Shtipliyski, A. Tapper, I. Ojalvo, T. Durkin, K. Harder, S. Harper, C. Shepherd-Themistocleous, A. Thea, T. Williams, S. Dasu, L. Dodd, R. Forbes, T. Gorski, P. Klabbers, A. Levine, T. Ruggles, N. Smith, W. Smith, A. Svetek, J. Tikalsky, M. Vicente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Results from the completed Phase 1 Upgrade of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) Level-1 Calorimeter Trigger are presented. The upgrade was performed in two stages, with the first running in 2015 for proton and heavy ion collisions and the final stage for 2016 data taking. The Level-1 trigger has been fully commissioned and has been used by CMS to collect over 43 fb-1 of data since the start of the Run II of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The new trigger has been designed to improve the performance at high luminosity and large number of simultaneous inelastic collisions per crossing (pile-up). For this purpose it uses a novel design, the Time Multiplexed Trigger (TMT), which enables the data from an event to be processed by a single trigger processor at full granularity over several bunch crossings. The TMT design is a modular design based on the μTCA standard. The trigger processors are instrumented with Xilinx Virtex-7 690 FPGAs and 10 Gbps optical links. The TMT architecture is flexible and the number of trigger processors can be expanded according to the physics needs of CMS. Sophisticated and innovative algorithms are now the core of the first decision layer of the experiment. The system has been able to adapt to the outstanding performance of the LHC, which ran with an instantaneous luminosity well above design. The performance of the system for single physics objects are presented along with the optimizations foreseen to maintain the thresholds for the harsher conditions expected during the LHC Run II and Run III periods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberC01065
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 23 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mathematical Physics
  • Instrumentation

Keywords

  • Trigger algorithms
  • Trigger concepts and systems (hardware and software)

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    Zabi, A., Beaudette, F., Cadamuro, L., Davignon, O., Romanteau, T., Strebler, T., Cepeda, M., Sauvan, J. B., Wardle, N., Aggleton, R., Ball, F., Brooke, J., Newbold, D., Paramesvaran, S., Smith, D., Taylor, J., Foudas, C., Baber, M., Bundock, A., ... Vicente, M. (2017). The CMS Level-1 Calorimeter Trigger for the LHC Run II. Journal of Instrumentation, 12(1), [C01065]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/01/C01065