The Cluster Lensing and Supernova Survey with Hubble (CLASH): Strong-Lensing analysis of A383 from 16-band HST/WFC3/ACS Imaging

A. Zitrin, T. Broadhurst, D. Coe, K. Umetsu, M. Postman, N. Benítez, M. Meneghetti, E. Medezinski, S. Jouvel, L. Bradley, A. Koekemoer, W. Zheng, H. Ford, J. Merten, D. Kelson, O. Lahav, D. Lemze, A. Molino, M. Nonino, M. DonahueP. Rosati, A. Van Der Wel, M. Bartelmann, R. Bouwens, O. Graur, G. Graves, O. Host, L. Infante, S. Jha, Y. Jimenez-Teja, R. Lazkoz, D. Maoz, C. McCully, P. Melchior, L. A. Moustakas, S. Ogaz, B. Patel, E. Regoes, A. Riess, S. Rodney, S. Seitz

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66 Scopus citations


We examine the inner mass distribution of the relaxed galaxy cluster A383 (z = 0.189), in deep 16band Hubble Space Telescope/ACS+WFC3 imaging taken as part of the Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble (CLASH) multi-cycle treasury program. Our program is designed to study the dark matter distribution in 25 massive clusters, and balances depth with a wide wavelength coverage, 2000-16000 Å, to better identify lensed systems and generate precise photometric redshifts. This photometric information together with the predictive strength of our strong-lensing analysis method identifies 13 new multiply lensed images and candidates, so that a total of 27 multiple images of nine systems are used to tightly constrain the inner mass profile gradient, dlog Σ/dlog r ≃ -0.6 0.1 (r < 160kpc). We find consistency with the standard distance-redshift relation for the full range spanned by the lensed images, 1.01 < z < 6.03, with the higher-redshift sources deflected through larger angles as expected. The inner mass profile derived here is consistent with the results of our independent weak-lensing analysis of wide-field Subaru images, with good agreement in the region of overlap (0.7-1 arcmin). Combining weak and strong lensing, the overall mass profile is well fitted by a Navarro-Frenk-White profile with M vir = (5.37 +0.70 - 0.63± 0.26) × 1014 M h -1 and a relatively high concentration, c vir = 8.77+0.44 - 0.42± 0.23, which lies above the standard c-M relation similar to other well-studied clusters. The critical radius of A383 is modest by the standards of other lensing clusters, rE ≃ 16 2″ (for zs = 2.55), so the relatively large number of lensed images uncovered here with precise photometric redshifts validates our imaging strategy for the CLASH survey. In total we aim to provide similarly high-quality lensing data for 25 clusters, 20 of which are X-ray-selected relaxed clusters, enabling a precise determination of the representative mass profile free from lensing bias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number117
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • dark matter
  • galaxies: clusters: general
  • galaxies: clusters: individual: A383
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • gravitational lensing: strong


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