The cluster lensing and supernova survey with hubble: An overview

Marc Postman, Dan Coe, Narciso Benítez, Larry Bradley, Tom Broadhurst, Megan Donahue, Holland Ford, Or Graur, Genevieve Graves, Stephanie Jouvel, Anton Koekemoer, Doron Lemze, Elinor Medezinski, Alberto Molino, Leonidas Moustakas, Sara Ogaz, Adam Riess, Steve Rodney, Piero Rosati, Keiichi UmetsuWei Zheng, Adi Zitrin, Matthias Bartelmann, Rychard Bouwens, Nicole Czakon, Sunil Golwala, Ole Host, Leopoldo Infante, Saurabh Jha, Yolanda Jimenez-Teja, Daniel Kelson, Ofer Lahav, Ruth Lazkoz, Dani Maoz, Curtis McCully, Peter Melchior, Massimo Meneghetti, Julian Merten, John Moustakas, Mario Nonino, Brandon Patel, Enikö Regös, Jack Sayers, Stella Seitz, Arjen Van Der Wel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

669 Scopus citations


The Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble (CLASH) is a 524-orbit Multi-Cycle Treasury Program to use the gravitational lensing properties of 25 galaxy clusters to accurately constrain their mass distributions. The survey, described in detail in this paper, will definitively establish the degree of concentration of dark matter in the cluster cores, a key prediction of structure formation models. The CLASH cluster sample is larger and less biased than current samples of space-based imaging studies of clusters to similar depth, as we have minimized lensing-based selection that favors systems with overly dense cores. Specifically, 20 CLASH clusters are solely X-ray selected. The X-ray-selected clusters are massive (kT > 5 keV) and, in most cases, dynamically relaxed. Five additional clusters are included for their lensing strength (θ Ein > 35″ at z s = 2) to optimize the likelihood of finding highly magnified high-z (z > 7) galaxies. A total of 16 broadband filters, spanning the near-UV to near-IR, are employed for each 20-orbit campaign on each cluster. These data are used to measure precise (σ z 0.02(1 + z)) photometric redshifts for newly discovered arcs. Observations of each cluster are spread over eight epochs to enable a search for Type Ia supernovae at z > 1 to improve constraints on the time dependence of the dark energy equation of state and the evolution of supernovae. We present newly re-derived X-ray luminosities, temperatures, and Fe abundances for the CLASH clusters as well as a representative source list for MACS1149.6+2223 (z = 0.544).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number25
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Galaxy: evolution
  • Galaxy: formation
  • dark energy
  • dark matter
  • gravitational lensing: strong
  • gravitational lensing: weak


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