The central image of a gravitationally lensed quasar

Joshua H. Winn, David Rusin, Christopher S. Kochanek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations


A galaxy can act as a gravitational lens, producing multiple images of a background object. Theory predicts that there should be an odd number of images produced by the lens, but hitherto almost all lensed objects have two or four images. The missing 'central' images, which should be faint and appear near the centre of the lensing galaxy, have long been sought as probes of galactic cores too distant to resolve with ordinary observations. There are five candidates for central images, but in one case the third image is not necessarily the central one, and in the others the putative central images might be foreground sources. Here we report a secure identification of a central image, based on radio observations of one of the candidates. Lens models using the central image reveal that the massive black hole at the centre of the lensing galaxy has a mass of <2 × 108 solar masses (M⊙), and the galaxy's surface density at the location of the central image is > 20,000M⊙pc-2, which is in agreement with expections based on observations of galaxies that are much closer to the Earth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)613-615
Number of pages3
Issue number6975
StatePublished - Feb 12 2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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