The big march: Migratory flows after the partition of India

Prashant Bharadwaj, Asim Khwaja, Atif Mian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Partition of India in 1947 along ostensibly religious lines into India, Pakistan, and what eventually became Bangladesh resulted in one of the largest and most rapid migrations in human history. In this paper district level census data from archives are compiled to quantify the scale of migratory flows across the subcontinent. We estimate total migratory inflows of 14.5 million and outflows of 17.9 million, implying 3.4 million "missing" people. The paper also uncovers a substantial degree of regional variability. Flows were much larger along the western border, higher in cities and areas close to the border, and dependent heavily on the size of the "minority" religious group. The migratory flows also display a "relative replacement effect" with in-migrants moving to places that saw greater outmigration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-49
Number of pages11
JournalEconomic and Political Weekly
Volume43
Issue number35
StatePublished - Aug 30 2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Political Science and International Relations

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