The atacama cosmology telescope: Physical properties of Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect clusters on the celestial equator

Felipe Menanteau, Cristóbal Sifón, L. Felipe Barrientos, Nicholas Battaglia, J. Richard Bond, Devin Crichton, Sudeep Das, Mark J. Devlin, Simon Dicker, Rolando Dünner, Megan Gralla, Amir Hajian, Matthew Hasselfield, Matt Hilton, Adam D. Hincks, John P. Hughes, Leopoldo Infante, Arthur Kosowsky, Tobias A. Marriage, Danica MarsdenKavilan Moodley, Michael D. Niemack, Michael R. Nolta, Lyman A. Page, Bruce Partridge, Erik D. Reese, Benjamin L. Schmitt, Jon Sievers, David N. Spergel, Suzanne T. Staggs, Eric Switzer, Edward J. Wollack

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We present the optical and X-ray properties of 68 galaxy clusters selected via the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect at 148 GHz by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT). Our sample, from an area of 504 deg2 centered on the celestial equator, is divided into two regions. The main region uses 270 deg2 of the ACT survey that overlaps with the co-added ugriz imaging from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) over Stripe 82 plus additional near-infrared pointed observations with the Apache Point Observatory 3.5 m telescope. We confirm a total of 49 clusters to z 1.3, of which 22 (all at z > 0.55) are new discoveries. For the second region, the regular-depth SDSS imaging allows us to confirm 19 more clusters up to z 0.7, of which 10 systems are new. We present the optical richness, photometric redshifts, and separation between the SZ position and the brightest cluster galaxy (BCG). We find no significant offset between the cluster SZ centroid and BCG location and a weak correlation between optical richness and SZ-derived mass. We also present X-ray fluxes and luminosities from the ROSAT All Sky Survey which confirm that this is a massive sample. One of the newly discovered clusters, ACT-CL J0044.4+0113 at z = 1.1 (photometric), has an integrated XMM-Newton X-ray temperature of kTX = 7.9 ± 1.0 keV and combined mass of M⊙200a = 8.2+3.3 -2.5 × 1014 h -1 70 M⊙, placing it among the most massive and X-ray-hot clusters known at redshifts beyond z = 1. We also highlight the optically rich cluster ACT-CL J2327.4-0204 (RCS2 2327) at z = 0.705 (spectroscopic) as the most significant detection of the whole equatorial sample with a Chandra-derived mass of M⊙200a = 1.9+0.6 -0.4 × 1015 h -1 70 M⊙, placing it in the ranks of the most massive known clusters like El Gordo and the Bullet Cluster.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number67
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • cosmic background radiation
  • cosmology: observations
  • galaxies: clusters: general
  • galaxies: distances and redshifts
  • large-scale structure of Universe

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    Menanteau, F., Sifón, C., Barrientos, L. F., Battaglia, N., Bond, J. R., Crichton, D., Das, S., Devlin, M. J., Dicker, S., Dünner, R., Gralla, M., Hajian, A., Hasselfield, M., Hilton, M., Hincks, A. D., Hughes, J. P., Infante, L., Kosowsky, A., Marriage, T. A., ... Wollack, E. J. (2013). The atacama cosmology telescope: Physical properties of Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect clusters on the celestial equator. Astrophysical Journal, 765(1), [67].