The Atacama Cosmology Telescope: A Measurement of the DR6 CMB Lensing Power Spectrum and Its Implications for Structure Growth

Frank J. Qu, Blake D. Sherwin, Mathew S. Madhavacheril, Dongwon Han, Kevin T. Crowley, Irene Abril-Cabezas, Peter A.R. Ade, Simone Aiola, Tommy Alford, Mandana Amiri, Stefania Amodeo, Rui An, Zachary Atkins, Jason E. Austermann, Nicholas Battaglia, Elia Stefano Battistelli, James A. Beall, Rachel Bean, Benjamin Beringue, Tanay BhandarkarEmily Biermann, Boris Bolliet, J. Richard Bond, Hongbo Cai, Erminia Calabrese, Victoria Calafut, Valentina Capalbo, Felipe Carrero, Julien Carron, Anthony Challinor, Grace E. Chesmore, Hsiao Mei Cho, Steve K. Choi, Susan E. Clark, Rodrigo Córdova Rosado, Nicholas F. Cothard, Kevin Coughlin, William Coulton, Roohi Dalal, Omar Darwish, Mark J. Devlin, Simon Dicker, Peter Doze, Cody J. Duell, Shannon M. Duff, Adriaan J. Duivenvoorden, Jo Dunkley, Rolando Dünner, Valentina Fanfani, Max Fankhanel, Gerrit Farren, Simone Ferraro, Rodrigo Freundt, Brittany Fuzia, Patricio A. Gallardo, Xavier Garrido, Vera Gluscevic, Joseph E. Golec, Yilun Guan, Mark Halpern, Ian Harrison, Matthew Hasselfield, Erin Healy, Shawn Henderson, Brandon Hensley, Carlos Hervías-Caimapo, J. Colin Hill, Gene C. Hilton, Matt Hilton, Adam D. Hincks, Renée Hložek, Shuay Pwu Patty Ho, Zachary B. Huber, Johannes Hubmayr, Kevin M. Huffenberger, John P. Hughes, Kent Irwin, Giovanni Isopi, Hidde T. Jense, Ben Keller, Joshua Kim, Kenda Knowles, Brian J. Koopman, Arthur Kosowsky, Darby Kramer, Aleksandra Kusiak, Adrien La Posta, Alex Lague, Victoria Lakey, Eunseong Lee, Zack Li, Yaqiong Li, Michele Limon, Martine Lokken, Thibaut Louis, Marius Lungu, Niall MacCrann, Amanda MacInnis, Diego Maldonado, Felipe Maldonado, Maya Mallaby-Kay, Gabriela A. Marques, Jeff McMahon, Yogesh Mehta, Felipe Menanteau, Kavilan Moodley, Thomas W. Morris, Tony Mroczkowski, Sigurd Naess, Toshiya Namikawa, Federico Nati, Laura Newburgh, Andrina Nicola, Michael D. Niemack, Michael R. Nolta, John Orlowski-Scherer, Lyman A. Page, Shivam Pandey, Bruce Partridge, Heather Prince, Roberto Puddu, Federico Radiconi, Naomi Robertson, Felipe Rojas, Tai Sakuma, Maria Salatino, Emmanuel Schaan, Benjamin L. Schmitt, Neelima Sehgal, Shabbir Shaikh, Carlos Sierra, Jon Sievers, Cristóbal Sifón, Sara Simon, Rita Sonka, David N. Spergel, Suzanne T. Staggs, Emilie Storer, Eric R. Switzer, Niklas Tampier, Robert Thornton, Hy Trac, Jesse Treu, Carole Tucker, Joel Ullom, Leila R. Vale, Alexander Van Engelen, Jeff Van Lanen, Joshiwa van Marrewijk, Cristian Vargas, Eve M. Vavagiakis, Kasey Wagoner, Yuhan Wang, Lukas Wenzl, Edward J. Wollack, Zhilei Xu, Fernando Zago, Kaiwen Zheng

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present new measurements of cosmic microwave background (CMB) lensing over 9400 deg2 of the sky. These lensing measurements are derived from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) Data Release 6 (DR6) CMB data set, which consists of five seasons of ACT CMB temperature and polarization observations. We determine the amplitude of the CMB lensing power spectrum at 2.3% precision (43σ significance) using a novel pipeline that minimizes sensitivity to foregrounds and to noise properties. To ensure that our results are robust, we analyze an extensive set of null tests, consistency tests, and systematic error estimates and employ a blinded analysis framework. Our CMB lensing power spectrum measurement provides constraints on the amplitude of cosmic structure that do not depend on Planck or galaxy survey data, thus giving independent information about large-scale structure growth and potential tensions in structure measurements. The baseline spectrum is well fit by a lensing amplitude of A lens = 1.013 ± 0.023 relative to the Planck 2018 CMB power spectra best-fit ΛCDM model and A lens = 1.005 ± 0.023 relative to the ACT DR4 + WMAP best-fit model. From our lensing power spectrum measurement, we derive constraints on the parameter combination S 8 CMBL ≡ σ 8 Ω m / 0.3 0.25 of S 8 CMBL = 0.818 ± 0.022 from ACT DR6 CMB lensing alone and S 8 CMBL = 0.813 ± 0.018 when combining ACT DR6 and Planck NPIPE CMB lensing power spectra. These results are in excellent agreement with ΛCDM model constraints from Planck or ACT DR4 + WMAP CMB power spectrum measurements. Our lensing measurements from redshifts z ∼ 0.5-5 are thus fully consistent with ΛCDM structure growth predictions based on CMB anisotropies probing primarily z ∼ 1100. We find no evidence for a suppression of the amplitude of cosmic structure at low redshifts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number112
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume962
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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