The atacama cosmology telescope: A catalog of >4000 Sunyaev–Zel’dovich galaxy clusters

M. Hilton, C. Sifón, S. Naess, M. Madhavacheril, M. Oguri, E. Rozo, E. Rykoff, S. Adhikari, M. Aguena, S. Aiola, S. Allam, S. Amodeo, A. Amon, J. Annis, B. Ansarinejad, T. M.C. Abbott, C. Aros-Bunster, J. E. Austermann, S. Avila, D. BaconN. Battaglia, J. A. Beall, D. T. Becker, G. M. Bernstein, E. Bertin, T. Bhandarkar, S. Bhargava, J. R. Bond, D. Brooks, D. L. Burke, E. Calabrese, M. Carrasco Kind, J. Carretero, S. K. Choi, A. Choi, C. Conselice, L. N. Da Costa, M. Costanzi, D. Crichton, K. T. Crowley, R. Dünner, E. V. Denison, M. J. Devlin, S. R. Dicker, H. T. Diehl, J. P. Dietrich, P. Doel, S. M. Duff, A. J. Duivenvoorden, J. Dunkley, S. Everett, S. Ferraro, A. Ferté, B. Flaugher, J. Frieman, I. Ferrero, P. A. Gallardo, J. García-Bellido, E. Gaztanaga, P. Giles, J. E. Golec, M. B. Gralla, S. Grandis, D. Gruen, D. W. Gerdes, R. A. Gruendl, J. Gschwend, G. Gutierrez, D. Han, W. G. Hartley, M. Hasselfield, J. C. Hill, G. C. Hilton, A. D. Hincks, S. R. Hinton, S. P.P. Ho, K. Honscheid, B. Hoyle, J. Hubmayr, K. M. Huffenberger, J. P. Hughes, A. T. Jaelani, B. Jain, D. J. James, T. Jeltema, S. Kent, K. Knowles, B. J. Koopman, K. Kuehn, O. Lahav, M. Lima, Y. T. Lin, M. Lokken, S. I. Loubser, N. MacCrann, M. A.G. Maia, T. A. Marriage, J. Martin, J. McMahon, P. Melchior, F. Menanteau, R. Miquel, K. Moodley, R. Morgan, T. Mroczkowski, F. Nati, L. B. Newburgh, M. D. Niemack, A. J. Nishizawa, H. Miyatake, R. L.C. Ogando, J. Orlowski-Scherer, L. A. Page, A. Palmese, B. Partridge, F. Paz-Chinchón, P. Phakathi, A. A. Plazas, N. C. Robertson, A. K. Romer, A. Carnero Rosell, E. Sanchez, E. Schaan, A. Schillaci, N. Sehgal, S. Serrano, T. Shin, S. M. Simon, M. Smith, M. Salatino, M. Soares-Santos, D. N. Spergel, S. T. Staggs, E. R. Storer, E. Suchyta, M. E.C. Swanson, G. Tarle, D. Thomas, C. To, H. Trac, J. N. Ullom, L. R. Vale, J. Van Lanen, E. M. Vavagiakis, J. De Vicente, R. D. Wilkinson, E. J. Wollack, Z. Xu, Y. Zhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


We present a catalog of 4195 optically confirmed Sunyaev–Zel’dovich (SZ) selected galaxy clusters detected with signal-to-noise ratio >4 in 13,211 deg2 of sky surveyed by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT). Cluster candidates were selected by applying a multifrequency matched filter to 98 and 150 GHz maps constructed from ACT observations obtained from 2008 to 2018 and confirmed using deep, wide-area optical surveys. The clusters span the redshift range 0.04 < z < 1.91 (median z = 0.52). The catalog contains 222 z > 1 clusters, and a total of 868 systems are new discoveries. Assuming an SZ signal versus mass-scaling relation calibrated from X-ray observations, the sample has a 90% completeness mass limit of M500c > 3.8 × 1014 Me, evaluated at z = 0.5, for clusters detected at signal-to-noise ratio >5 in maps filtered at an angular scale of 2 4. The survey has a large overlap with deep optical weak-lensing surveys that are being used to calibrate the SZ signal mass-scaling relation, such as the Dark Energy Survey (4566 deg2), the Hyper Suprime-Cam Subaru Strategic Program (469 deg2), and the Kilo Degree Survey (825 deg2). We highlight some noteworthy objects in the sample, including potentially projected systems, clusters with strong lensing features, clusters with active central galaxies or star formation, and systems of multiple clusters that may be physically associated. The cluster catalog will be a useful resource for future cosmological analyses and studying the evolution of the intracluster medium and galaxies in massive clusters over the past 10 Gyr.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberabd023
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'The atacama cosmology telescope: A catalog of >4000 Sunyaev–Zel’dovich galaxy clusters'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this