E2F is a cellular DNA-binding factor. Its binding activity is changed within adenovirus-infected cells so that it binds cooperatively to pairs of properly spaced and oriented E2F recognition sites. In the work described in this report, the conversion to cooperative binding was shown to require the adenovirus E4 17-kilodalton (kDa) polypeptide. Mutant viruses carrying alterations within the E4 17-kDa coding region failed to generate the infection-specific, cooperatively binding form of E2F. It was possible to alter E2F from uninfected cells so that it bound cooperatively by incubation with a partially purified fraction obtained from infected cells. The E4 17-kDa protein copurified with this activity and was also found to be present in a complex containing E2F. Consistent with its ability to alter the binding of E2F to its recognition sites within the E2 promoter, the E4 17-kDa polypeptide contributed to maximal expression of E2 mRNAs in some cell types. Its ability to enhance E2 transcription did not require expression of the E1A transactivator protein. These results are consistent with a model which proposes that the E4 17-kDa polypeptide binds to the cellular E2F factor, altering its binding behavior and thereby enhancing its ability to stimulate transcription.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science