Testing Proposed Quantifications of Biological Aging in Taiwanese Older Adults

Lauren Gaydosh, Daniel W. Belsky, Dana A. Glei, Noreen Goldman, David Le Couteur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quantification of biological aging is of interest in gerontology as a means to surveil aging rates in the population and to evaluate the effects of interventions to increase healthy life span. Analysis of proposed methods to quantify biological aging has focused on samples of midlife or mixed-age adults in the West. Research is needed to test whether quantifications of biological aging can differentiate aging rates among older adults and if quantifications of biological aging developed in Western samples can differentiate aging rates in non-Western populations. We conducted analysis of Klemera-Doubal method (KDM) Biological Age and homeostatic dysregulation measures of biological aging developed in the U.S. NHANES and tested in a sample of older Taiwanese adults in the Social Environment and Biomarkers of Aging Study. We conducted analysis of physical and cognitive function and mortality, comparing quantifications of biological aging to a biomarker index based on norms within our analysis sample and to participants' ratings of their own health. Results showed that quantifications of biological aging (a) predicted differences in physical and cognitive function and in mortality risk among Taiwanese older adults and (b) performed as well as a traditional biomarker index and participant self-rated health for prediction of these outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1680-1685
Number of pages6
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume75
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 5 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Aging

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Cognitive decline
  • Mortality
  • Physical performance

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