TESS Delivers Five New Hot Giant Planets Orbiting Bright Stars from the Full-frame Images

Joseph E. Rodriguez, Samuel N. Quinn, George Zhou, Andrew Vanderburg, Louise D. Nielsen, Robert A. Wittenmyer, Rafael Brahm, Phillip A. Reed, Chelsea X. Huang, Sydney Vach, David R. Ciardi, Ryan J. Oelkers, Keivan G. Stassun, Coel Hellier, B. Scott Gaudi, Jason D. Eastman, Karen A. Collins, Allyson Bieryla, Sam Christian, David W. LathamIlaria Carleo, Duncan J. Wright, Elisabeth Matthews, Erica J. Gonzales, Carl Ziegler, Courtney D. Dressing, Steve B. Howell, Thiam Guan Tan, Justin Wittrock, Peter Plavchan, Kim K. McLeod, David Baker, Gavin Wang, Don J. Radford, Richard P. Schwarz, Massimiliano Esposito, George R. Ricker, Roland K. Vanderspek, Sara Seager, Joshua N. Winn, Jon M. Jenkins, Brett Addison, D. R. Anderson, Thomas Barclay, Thomas G. Beatty, Perry Berlind, Francois Bouchy, Michael Bowen, Brendan P. Bowler, C. E. Brasseur, César Briceño, Douglas A. Caldwell, Michael L. Calkins, Scott Cartwright, Priyanka Chaturvedi, Guillaume Chaverot, Sudhish Chimaladinne, Jessie L. Christiansen, Kevin I. Collins, Ian J.M. Crossfield, Kevin Eastridge, Néstor Espinoza, Gilbert A. Esquerdo, Dax L. Feliz, Tyler Fenske, William Fong, Tianjun Gan, Steven Giacalone, Holden Gill, Lindsey Gordon, A. Granados, Nolan Grieves, Eike W. Guenther, Natalia Guerrero, Thomas Henning, Christopher E. Henze, Katharine Hesse, Melissa J. Hobson, Jonathan Horner, David J. James, Eric L.N. Jensen, Mary Jimenez, Andrés Jordán, Stephen R. Kane, John Kielkopf, Kingsley Kim, Rudolf B. Kuhn, Natasha Latouf, Nicholas M. Law, Alan M. Levine, Michael B. Lund, Andrew W. Mann, Shude Mao, Rachel A. Matson, Matthew W. Mengel, Jessica Mink, Patrick Newman, Tanner O'Dwyer, Jack Okumura, Enric Palle, Joshua Pepper, Elisa V. Quintana, Paula Sarkis, Arjun B. Savel, Joshua E. Schlieder, Chloe Schnaible, Avi Shporer, Ramotholo Sefako, Julia V. Seidel, Robert J. Siverd, Brett Skinner, Manu Stalport, Daniel J. Stevens, Caitlin Stibbards, C. G. Tinney, R. G. West, Daniel A. Yahalomi, Hui Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present the discovery and characterization of five hot and warm Jupiters - TOI-628 b (TIC 281408474; HD 288842), TOI-640 b (TIC 147977348), TOI-1333 b (TIC 395171208, BD+47 3521A), TOI-1478 b (TIC 409794137), and TOI-1601 b (TIC 139375960) - based on data from NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). The five planets were identified from the full-frame images and were confirmed through a series of photometric and spectroscopic follow-up observations by the TESS Follow-up Observing Program Working Group. The planets are all Jovian size (R P = 1.01-1.77 R J) and have masses that range from 0.85 to 6.33 M J. The host stars of these systems have F and G spectral types (5595 ≤ T eff ≤ 6460 K) and are all relatively bright (9.5 < V < 10.8, 8.2 < K < 9.3), making them well suited for future detailed characterization efforts. Three of the systems in our sample (TOI-640 b, TOI-1333 b, and TOI-1601 b) orbit subgiant host stars (log g < 4.1). TOI-640 b is one of only three known hot Jupiters to have a highly inflated radius (R P > 1.7 R J, possibly a result of its host star's evolution) and resides on an orbit with a period longer than 5 days. TOI-628 b is the most massive, hot Jupiter discovered to date by TESS with a measured mass of 6.31-0.30+0.28 M J and a statistically significant, nonzero orbital eccentricity of e = 0.074-0.022+0.021. This planet would not have had enough time to circularize through tidal forces from our analysis, suggesting that it might be remnant eccentricity from its migration. The longest-period planet in this sample, TOI-1478 b (P = 10.18 days), is a warm Jupiter in a circular orbit around a near-solar analog. NASA's TESS mission is continuing to increase the sample of well-characterized hot and warm Jupiters, complementing its primary mission goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number194
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume161
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • data behind figure
  • machine-readable table

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