We have performed steady-state photoluminescence, time-correlated single photon counting, and Raman spectroscopy measurements on single-wall carbon nanotubes from 4 to 293 K. We observe novel photoluminescence spectra that cannot be attributed to vibronic transitions and verify the existence and energy levels of weakly emissive excitonic states. By combining photoluminescence intensity and lifetime data, we determine how nonradiative and radiative excitonic decay rates change as a function of temperature and contrast this with theoretical predictions. The results suggest that recombination kinetics are influenced by multiple excitonic states, including a dark lower state.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films