TY - JOUR

T1 - TASI lectures on large N tensor models

AU - Klebanov, Igor R.

AU - Popov, Fedor

AU - Tarnopolsky, Grigory

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright owned by the author(s) under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The first part of these lecture notes is mostly devoted to a comparative discussion of the three basic large N limits, which apply to fields which are vectors, matrices, or tensors of rank three and higher. After a brief review of some physical applications of large N limits, we present a few solvable examples in zero space-time dimension. Using models with fields in the fundamental representation of O(N), O(N)2, or O(N)3 symmetry, we compare their combinatorial properties and highlight a competition between the snail and melon diagrams. We exhibit the different methods used for solving the vector, matrix, and tensor large N limits. In the latter example we review how the dominance of melonic diagrams follows when a special “tetrahedral" interaction is introduced. The second part of the lectures is mostly about the fermionic quantum mechanical tensor models, whose large N limits are similar to that in the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model. The minimal Majorana model with O(N)3 symmetry and the tetrahedral Hamiltonian is reviewed in some detail; it is the closest tensor counterpart of the SYK model. Also reviewed are generalizations to complex fermionic tensors, including a model with SU(N)2 ×O(N)×U(1) symmetry, which is a tensor counterpart of the complex SYK model. The bosonic large N tensor models, which are formally tractable in continuous spacetime dimension, are reviewed briefly at the end.

AB - The first part of these lecture notes is mostly devoted to a comparative discussion of the three basic large N limits, which apply to fields which are vectors, matrices, or tensors of rank three and higher. After a brief review of some physical applications of large N limits, we present a few solvable examples in zero space-time dimension. Using models with fields in the fundamental representation of O(N), O(N)2, or O(N)3 symmetry, we compare their combinatorial properties and highlight a competition between the snail and melon diagrams. We exhibit the different methods used for solving the vector, matrix, and tensor large N limits. In the latter example we review how the dominance of melonic diagrams follows when a special “tetrahedral" interaction is introduced. The second part of the lectures is mostly about the fermionic quantum mechanical tensor models, whose large N limits are similar to that in the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model. The minimal Majorana model with O(N)3 symmetry and the tetrahedral Hamiltonian is reviewed in some detail; it is the closest tensor counterpart of the SYK model. Also reviewed are generalizations to complex fermionic tensors, including a model with SU(N)2 ×O(N)×U(1) symmetry, which is a tensor counterpart of the complex SYK model. The bosonic large N tensor models, which are formally tractable in continuous spacetime dimension, are reviewed briefly at the end.

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M3 - Conference article

AN - SCOPUS:85078479216

SN - 1824-8039

VL - 305

JO - Proceedings of Science

JF - Proceedings of Science

T2 - 2017 Theoretical Advanced Study Institute Summer School "Physics at the Fundamental Frontier", TASI 2017

Y2 - 4 June 2017 through 1 July 2017

ER -