Targeted histone peptides: Insights into the spatial regulation of the methyltransferase PRC2 by using a surrogate of heterotypic chromatin

Zachary Z. Brown, Manuel M. Müller, Ha Eun Kong, Peter W. Lewis, Tom W. Muir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eukaryotic genomes are dynamically regulated through a host of epigenetic stimuli. The substrate for these epigenetic transactions, chromatin, is a polymer of nucleosome building blocks. In native chromatin, each nucleosome can differ from its neighbors as a result of covalent modifications to both the DNA and the histone packaging proteins. The heterotypic nature of chromatin presents a formidable obstacle to biochemical studies seeking to understand the role of context on epigenetic regulation. A chemical approach to the production of heterotypic chromatin that can be used in such studies is introduced. This method involves the attachment of a user-defined modified histone peptide to a designated nucleosome within the polymer by using a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) targeting compound. This strategy was applied to dissect the effect of chromatin context on the activity of the histone methyltransferase PRC2. The results show that PRC2 can be stimulated to produce histone H3 methylation from a defined nucleation site.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6457-6461
Number of pages5
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume54
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

Keywords

  • chromatin
  • epigenetics
  • histones
  • peptide nucleic acids
  • peptides

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