A pericyclic approach for the synthesis of six-membered ring structures is described. The method employs 1,3-dienes with a 1-sulfur substituent in a tandem sequence of Diels-Alder and retro-ene reactions. In this pairing of [4 + 2] cycloaddition and 1,5-sigmatropic rearrangement, 1-sulfenyl-1,3-dienes engage in Diels-Alder reactions with electron-deficient dienophiles. Subsequently, the sulfenyl group of the cycloadducts is oxidized and unmasked to form allylic sulfinic acids, which undergo sterospecific reductive transposition via sulfur dioxide extrusion. The sequence can also include an inverse electron demand Diels-Alder reaction by using a 1-sulfonyl-1,3-diene. This combination of two pericyclic events offers novel stereocontrolled access to cyclohexenes that are inaccessible via a direct [4 + 2] cycloaddition route.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry