Steady-state handling of divertor heat flux is a critical issue for ITER and future conventional and spherical tokamaks with compact high-power density divertors. A novel 'snowflake' divertor (SFD) configuration was theoretically predicted to have significant magnetic geometry benefits for divertor heat flux mitigation, such as an increased plasma-wetted area and a higher divertor volume available for volumetric power and momentum loss processes, as compared with the standard divertor. Both a significant divertor peak heat flux reduction and impurity screening have been achieved simultaneously with core H-mode confinement in discharges with the SFD using only a minimal set of poloidal field coils.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics