NaYF4 doped with Yb, Ln (Ln = Er, Ho and Tm) upconversion nanocrystals (UP-NCs) were synthesized in trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) solvent via a thermolysis method. It was found that the energy barrier of the phase transition from cubic (α) to hexagonal (β) was significantly reduced in TOPO, and the β-phase NCs were obtained in a broad temperature window from 330 to 370°C. The as-synthesized NCs had controllable sizes in the range 5-20 nm with narrow size distribution, and presented highly efficient UP fluorescence.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering