Symmetry breaking patterns in superstring models

Edward Witten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

755 Scopus citations

Abstract

It was recently proposed (by Candelas, Horowitz, Strominger and the author) that compact manifolds of SU(3) holonomy are an interesting starting point for superstring phenomenology. Some aspects of such models are explored in this paper. Possible low-energy gauge groups are classified. It is shown that these theories have a mechanism to produce extra massless Higgs doublets unaccompanied by light color triplets. The SU(3) × SU(2) × U(1) couplings obey the standard relations after E6 breaking, so the standard computation of sin2θ is valid. These models lead typically to discrete global symmetries, but a model in which these symmetries forbid all baryon-violating dimension-four operators may be hard to find. An alternative possibility (involving O(6) holonomy) is discussed in the last section.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-100
Number of pages26
JournalNuclear Physics, Section B
Volume258
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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