Symmetry Breaking in Quasi-1D Coulomb Systems

Michael Aizenman, Sabine Jansen, Paul Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Quasi 1D systems are systems of particles in domains which are of infinite extent in one direction and of uniformly bounded size in all other directions, e.g., a cylinder of infinite length. The main result proven here is that for such particle systems with Coulomb interactions and neutralizing background, the so-called "jellium", at any temperature and at any finite-strip width, there is translation symmetry breaking. This extends the previous result on Laughlin states in thin, 2D strips by Jansen et al. (Commun Math Phys 285:503-535, 2009). The structural argument which is used here bypasses the question of whether the translation symmetry breaking is manifest already at the level of the one particle density function. It is akin to that employed by Aizenman and Martin (Commun Math Phys 78:99-116, 1980) for a similar statement concerning symmetry breaking at all temperatures in strictly 1D Coulomb systems. The extension is enabled through bounds which establish tightness of finite-volume charge fluctuations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1453-1485
Number of pages33
JournalAnnales Henri Poincare
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 9 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Mathematical Physics

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