Symmetric Kondo Lattice States in Doped Strained Twisted Bilayer Graphene

Haoyu Hu, Gautam Rai, Lorenzo Crippa, Jonah Herzog-Arbeitman, Dumitru Cǎlugǎru, Tim Wehling, Giorgio Sangiovanni, Roser Valentí, Alexei M. Tsvelik, B. Andrei Bernevig

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Abstract

We use the topological heavy fermion (THF) model and its Kondo lattice (KL) formulation to study the possibility of a symmetric Kondo (SK) state in twisted bilayer graphene. Via a large-N approximation, we find a SK state in the KL model at fillings ν=0,±1,±2 where a KL model can be constructed. In the SK state, all symmetries are preserved and the local moments are Kondo screened by the conduction electrons. At the mean-field level of the THF model at ν=0,±1,±2,±3 we also find a similar symmetric state that is adiabatically connected to the symmetric Kondo state. We study the stability of the symmetric state by comparing its energy with the ordered (symmetry-breaking) states found in [H. Hu et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 131, 026502 (2023).PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.131.026502, Z.-D. Song and B. A. Bernevig, Phys. Rev. Lett. 129, 047601 (2022).PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.129.047601] and find the ordered states to have lower energy at ν=0,±1,±2. However, moving away from integer fillings by doping the light bands, our mean-field calculations find the energy difference between the ordered state and the symmetric state to be reduced, which suggests the loss of ordering and a tendency toward Kondo screening. In order to include many-body effects beyond the mean-field approximation, we also performed dynamical mean-field theory calculations on the THF model in the nonordered phase. The spin susceptibility follows a Curie behavior at ν=0,±1,±2 down to ∼2 K where the onset of screening of the local moment becomes visible. This hints to very low Kondo temperatures at these fillings, in agreement with the outcome of our mean-field calculations. At noninteger filling ν=±0.5,±0.8,±1.2 dynamical mean-field theory shows deviations from a 1/T susceptibility at much higher temperatures, suggesting a more effective screening of local moments with doping. Finally, we study the effect of a C3z-rotational-symmetry-breaking strain via mean-field approaches and find that a symmetric phase (that only breaks C3z symmetry) can be stabilized at sufficiently large strain at ν=0,±1,±2. Our results suggest that a symmetric Kondo phase is strongly suppressed at integer fillings, but could be stabilized either at noninteger fillings or by applying strain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number166501
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume131
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy

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