This chapter discusses the physical properties and performance of various types of nonlinear-effect-based optical switches. Nonlinear-effect-based optical switches are important because of the all-optical and high-speed characteristics of Kerr nonlinearities that will enable the realization of future all-optical high-speed networks. The chapter first reviews the nonlinear effects and nonlinear devices used in nonlinear-effect-based optical switches and then discusses their characteristics. The chapter further describes the development of various structures for nonlinear-effect-based optical switches and discusses their characteristics, advantages and applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Kerr effect
- Nonlinear fiber
- Optical nonlinearity
- Semiconductor device