Oxygen plasma treatment of indium tin oxide (ITO) results in a change in work function and electron affinity by ∼0.5 eV. This change correlates with the measured increase in injected current in simple "hole-only" organic devices with O-plasma treated ITO electrodes. Neither addition nor removal of surface hydroxyl functionality accounts for the observed work function and electron affinity changes. X-ray and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopies show a new type of oxygen species is formed. Oxidation of surface Sn-OH to surface Sn-O• units is proposed to account for the observed changes in O-plasma treated ITO; this proposal can explain a wide variety of previously described ITO surface activation results.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)