Superposed epoch analyses of ion temperatures during CME- and CIR/HSS-driven storms

A. M. Keesee, J. G. Elfritz, M. C. Fok, D. J. McComas, E. E. Scime

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22 Scopus citations


Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and corotating interaction regions associated with high speed solar wind streams (CIR/HSSs) drive geomagnetic storms in the terrestrial magnetosphere. Each type of storm driver yields different dynamics of storm evolution. We present results from comparative superposed epoch analyses of global ion temperatures calculated from TWINS energetic neutral atom (ENA) data and simulations using the comprehensive ring current model (CRCM). During the June 2008-April 2012 timeframe, 48 geomagnetic storms (minimum Dst≤-40. nT) occurred. Of these, 21 storms were CME-driven and 15 were driven by CIR/HSSs. Superposed epoch analysis results demonstrate that ion temperatures increase during the recovery phase of CIR/HSS-driven storms, while ions are rapidly heated at the commencement of CME-driven storms then cool over the main phase, particularly for intense (minimum Dst≤-78. nT) CME-driven storms. Higher energy ions are convected to lower L-shells during CME-driven storms, while CIR/HSS-driven storms tend to have average ion temperatures that are higher on the dayside than nightside.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-78
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
StatePublished - Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • CME
  • Corotating interaction region
  • Geomagnetic storm
  • High speed stream
  • Ion temperature
  • Magnetosphere


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