Supernova 2009kf: An ultraviolet bright type iip supernova discovered with pan-starrs 1 and galex

M. T. Botticella, C. Trundle, A. Pastorello, S. Rodney, A. Rest, S. Gezari, S. J. Smartt, G. Narayan, M. E. Huber, J. L. Tonry, D. Young, K. Smith, F. Bresolin, S. Valenti, R. Kotak, S. Mattila, E. Kankare, W. M. Wood-Vasey, A. Riess, J. D. NeillK. Forster, D. C. Martin, C. W. Stubbs, W. S. Burgett, K. C. Chambers, T. Dombeck, H. Flewelling, T. Grav, J. N. Heasley, K. W. Hodapp, N. Kaiser, R. Kudritzki, G. Luppino, R. H. Lupton, E. A. Magnier, D. G. Monet, J. S. Morgan, P. M. Onaka, P. A. Price, P. H. Rhoads, W. A. Siegmund, W. E. Sweeney, R. J. Wainscoat, C. Waters, M. F. Waterson, C. G. Wynn-Williams

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We present photometric and spectroscopic observations of a luminous Type IIP Supernova (SN) 2009kf discovered by the Pan-STARRS 1 (PS1) survey and also detected by the Galaxy Evolution Explorer. The SN shows a plateau in its optical and bolometric light curves, lasting approximately 70 days in the rest frame, with an absolute magnitude of MV = −18.4 mag. The P-Cygni profiles of hydrogen indicate expansion velocities of 9000 km s−1 at 61 days after discovery which is extremely high for a Type IIP SN. SN 2009kf is also remarkably bright in the near-ultraviolet (NUV) and shows a slow evolution 10–20 days after optical discovery. The NUV and optical luminosity at these epochs can be modeled with a blackbody with a hot effective temperature (T ∼ 16,000 K) and a large radius (R ∼ 1 × 1015 cm). The bright bolometric and NUV luminosity, the light curve peak and plateau duration, the high velocities, and temperatures suggest that 2009kf is a Type IIP SN powered by a larger than normal explosion energy. Recently discovered high-z SNe (0.7 < z < 2.3) have been assumed to be IIn SNe, with the bright UV luminosities due to the interaction of SN ejecta with a dense circumstellar medium. UV-bright SNe similar to SN 2009kf could also account for these high-z events, and its absolute magnitude MNUV = −21.5 ± 0.5 mag suggests such SNe could be discovered out to z ∼ 2.5 in the PS1 survey.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L52-L56
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Stars: evolution
  • Supernovae: general
  • Supernovae: individual (2009kf)


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