Superconductivity in the superhard boride WB4.2

Elizabeth M. Carnicom, Judyta Strychalska-Nowak, P. Wiśniewski, D. Kaczorowski, W. Xie, T. Klimczuk, R. J. Cava

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Abstract

We show that the superhard boride WB4.2 is a superconductor with a Tc of 2.05(5) K. Temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility, electrical resistivity, and specific heat measurements were used to characterize the superconducting transition. The Sommerfeld constant γ for WB4.2 is 2.07(3) mJ mol-1 K-2 and the ΔC/γ Tc = 1.56, which is somewhat higher than what is expected for weakly coupled Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer type superconductors. The H c2 versus T plot is linear over a wide temperature range but does show signs of flattening by the lowest temperatures studied and therefore the zero temperature upper critical field (μ 0 H c2(0)) for WB4.2 lies somewhere between the linear extrapolation of μ 0 H c2(T) to 0 K and expectations based on the Werthamer-Helfand-Hohenberg model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115005
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Volume31
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 27 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

Keywords

  • boride
  • superconductivity
  • superhard
  • tungsten deficient

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  • Cite this

    Carnicom, E. M., Strychalska-Nowak, J., Wiśniewski, P., Kaczorowski, D., Xie, W., Klimczuk, T., & Cava, R. J. (2018). Superconductivity in the superhard boride WB4.2 Superconductor Science and Technology, 31(11), [115005]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6668/aade5a