Integrated sensing and communication (ISAC) is a key enabler for next-generation wireless communication systems to improve spectral efficiency. However, the coexistence of sensing and communication functionalities can cause harmful interference. In this paper, we propose to use a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) in conjunction with ISAC to address this issue. The RIS is composed of a large number of low-cost elements that can adjust the amplitude and phase shift of impinging signals, thus providing a relatively high beamforming gain. To maximize the sum-rate of the communication system, we jointly optimize the beamformer at the base station (BS) and the phase shifts at the RIS, subject to a threshold on the interference power, the unit-norm constraint of the transmit power, and the unit modulus constraint of the RIS phase shifts. To efficiently tackle this NP-hard problem, we first reformulate the problem into a more tractable form using the fractional programming (FP) technique. Then, we exploit the geometrical properties of the constraints and adopt an alternating manifold-based optimization to compute the optimal active beamformer and the RIS phase shifts, respectively. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed RIS-assisted design significantly reduces the mutual interference and improves the system sum-rate for the communication system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Integrated sensing and communications
- interference mitigation
- manifold optimization
- reconfigurable intelligent surface
- sum-rate maximization