Sufficient condition for finite-time singularity and tendency towards self-similarity in a high-symmetry flow

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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A highly symmetric Euler flow, first proposed by Kida (1985), and recently simulated by Boratav and Pelz (1994) is considered. It is found that the fourth order spatial derivative of the pressure (pxxxx) at the origin is most probably positive. It is demonstrated that if pxxxxgrows fast enough, there must be a finite-time singularity (FTS). For a random energy spectrum E(k) ∝ k-v, a FTS can occur if the spectral index v < 3. Furthermore, a positive pxxxx has the dynamical consequence of reducing the third derivative of the velocity uxxx at the origin. Since the expectation value of Uxxx is zero for a random distribution of energy, an ever decreasing uxxx means that the Kida flow has an intrinsic tendency to deviate from a random state. By assuming that Uxxx reaches the minimum value for a given spectral profile, the velocity and pressure are found to have locally self-similar forms similar in shape to what are found in numerical simulations. Such a quasi self-similar solution relaxes the requirement for FTS to v < 6. A special self-similar solution that satisfies Kelvin's circulation theorem and exhibits a FTS is found for v = 2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTubes, Sheets and Singularities in Fluid Dynamics
PublisherKluwer Academic Publishers
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)1402009801, 9781402009808
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameFluid Mechanics and its Applications
ISSN (Print)0926-5112

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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