Subaru High-z Exploration of Low-luminosity Quasars (SHELLQs). IV. Discovery of 41 Quasars and Luminous Galaxies at 5.7 ≤ z ≤ 6.9

Yoshiki Matsuoka, Kazushi Iwasawa, Masafusa Onoue, Nobunari Kashikawa, Michael A. Strauss, Chien Hsiu Lee, Masatoshi Imanishi, Tohru Nagao, Masayuki Akiyama, Naoko Asami, James Bosch, Hisanori Furusawa, Tomotsugu Goto, James E. Gunn, Yuichi Harikane, Hiroyuki Ikeda, Takuma Izumi, Toshihiro Kawaguchi, Nanako Kato, Satoshi KikutaKotaro Kohno, Yutaka Komiyama, Robert H. Lupton, Takeo Minezaki, Satoshi Miyazaki, Tomoki Morokuma, Hitoshi Murayama, Mana Niida, Atsushi J. Nishizawa, Masamune Oguri, Yoshiaki Ono, Masami Ouchi, Paul A. Price, Hiroaki Sameshima, Andreas Schulze, Hikari Shirakata, John D. Silverman, Naoshi Sugiyama, Philip J. Tait, Masahiro Takada, Tadafumi Takata, Masayuki Tanaka, Ji Jia Tang, Yoshiki Toba, Yousuke Utsumi, Shiang Yu Wang, Takuji Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the discovery of 41 new high-z quasars and luminous galaxies that were spectroscopically identified at 5.7 ≤ z ≤ 6.9. This is the fourth in a series of papers from the Subaru High-z Exploration of Low-Luminosity Quasars (SHELLQs) project, based on the deep multi-band imaging data collected by the Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) Subaru Strategic Program survey. We selected the photometric candidates using a Bayesian probabilistic algorithm and then carried out follow-up spectroscopy with the Gran Telescopio Canarias and the Subaru Telescope. Combined with the sample presented in the previous papers, we have now spectroscopically identified 137 extremely red HSC sources over about 650 deg2, which includes 64 high-z quasars, 24 high-z luminous galaxies, 6 [O iii] emitters at z ∼ 0.8, and 43 Galactic cool dwarfs (low-mass stars and brown dwarfs). The new quasars span in luminosity range from M 1450 ∼ -26 to -22 mag, and continue to populate luminosities a few magnitudes lower than have been probed by previous wide-field surveys. In a companion paper, we derive the quasar luminosity function at z ∼ 6 over an unprecedentedly wide range of M 1450 ∼ -28 to -21 mag, exploiting the SHELLQs and other survey outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume237
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • ages, reionization, first stars
  • galaxies: active
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • intergalactic medium
  • quasars: general
  • quasars: supermassive black holes

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    Matsuoka, Y., Iwasawa, K., Onoue, M., Kashikawa, N., Strauss, M. A., Lee, C. H., Imanishi, M., Nagao, T., Akiyama, M., Asami, N., Bosch, J., Furusawa, H., Goto, T., Gunn, J. E., Harikane, Y., Ikeda, H., Izumi, T., Kawaguchi, T., Kato, N., ... Yamashita, T. (2018). Subaru High-z Exploration of Low-luminosity Quasars (SHELLQs). IV. Discovery of 41 Quasars and Luminous Galaxies at 5.7 ≤ z ≤ 6.9. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 237(1), [5]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4365/aac724