SU(2)-invariant spin- 1 2 Hamiltonians with resonating and other valence bond phases

K. S. Raman, R. Moessner, Shivaji Lal Sondhi

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Abstract

We construct a family of rotationally invariant, local, S=1/2 Klein Hamiltonians on various lattices that exhibit ground-state manifolds spanned by nearest-neighbor valence bond states. We show that with selected perturbations such models can be driven into phases modeled by well-understood quantum dimer models on the corresponding lattices. Specifically, we show that the perturbation procedure is arbitrarily well controlled by a new parameter which is the extent of decoration of the reference lattice. This strategy leads to Hamiltonians that exhibit (i) Z2 resonating valence bond (RVB) phases in two dimensions, (ii) U (1) RVB phases with a gapless "photon" in three dimensions, and (iii) a Cantor deconfined region in two dimensions. We also construct two models on the pyrochlore lattice, one model exhibiting a Z2 RVB phase and the other a U (1) RVB phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number064413
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume72
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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