Study of the fragmentation of b quarks into B mesons at the Z peak

A. Heister, S. Schael, R. Barate, I. de Bonis, D. Decamp, C. Goy, J. P. Lees, E. Merle, M. N. Minard, B. Pietrzyk, S. Bravo, M. P. Casado, M. Chmeissani, J. M. Crespo, E. Fernandez, M. Fernandez-Bosman, L. Garrido, E. Graugés, M. Martinez, G. MerinoR. Miquel, L. M. Mir, A. Pacheco, H. Ruiz, A. Colaleo, D. Creanza, M. de Palma, G. Iaselli, G. Maggi, M. Maggi, S. Nuzzo, A. Ranieri, G. Raso, F. Ruggieri, G. Selvaggi, L. Silvestris, P. Tempesta, A. Tricomi, G. Zito, X. Huang, J. Lin, Q. Ouyang, T. Wang, Y. Xie, R. Xu, S. Xue, J. Zhang, L. Zhang, W. Zhao, D. Abbaneo, P. Azzurri, G. Boix, O. Buchmüller, M. Cattaneo, F. Cerutti, B. Clerbaux, G. Dissertori, H. Drevermann, R. W. Forty, M. Frank, T. C. Greening, J. B. Hansen, J. Harvey, P. Janot, B. Jost, M. Kado, P. Mato, A. Moutoussi, F. Ranjard, L. Rolandi, D. Schlatter, O. Schneider, P. Spagnolo, W. Tejessy, F. Teubert, E. Tournefier, J. Ward, Z. Ajaltouni, F. Badaud, A. Falvard, P. Gay, P. Henrard, J. Jousset, B. Michel, S. Monteil, J. C. Montret, D. Pallin, P. Perret, F. Podlyski, J. D. Hansen, J. R. Hansen, P. H. Hansen, B. S. Nilsson, A. Wäänänen, A. Kyriakis, C. Markou, E. Simopoulou, A. Vayaki, K. Zachariadou, A. Blondel, G. Bonneaud, J. C. Brient, A. Rougé, M. Rumpf, M. Swynghedauw, M. Verderi, H. Videau, V. Ciulli, E. Focardi, G. Parrini, A. Antonelli, M. Antonelli, G. Bencivenni, G. Bologna, F. Bossi, P. Campana, G. Capon, V. Chiarella, P. Laurelli, G. Mannocchi, F. Murtas, G. P. Murtas, L. Passalacqua, M. Pepe-Altarelli, A. W. Halley, J. G. Lynch, P. Negus, V. O'Shea, C. Raine, A. S. Thompson, S. Wasserbaech, R. Cavanaugh, S. Dhamotharan, C. Geweniger, P. Hanke, G. Hansper, V. Hepp, E. E. Kluge, A. Putzer, J. Sommer, K. Tittel, S. Werner, M. Wunsch, R. Beuselinck, D. M. Binnie, W. Cameron, P. J. Dornan, M. Girone, N. Marinelli, J. K. Sedgbeer, J. C. Thompson, V. M. Ghete, P. Girtler, E. Kneringer, D. Kuhn, G. Rudolph, E. Bouhova-Thacker, C. K. Bowdery, A. J. Finch, F. Foster, G. Hughes, R. W.L. Jones, M. R. Pearson, N. A. Robertson, I. Giehl, K. Jakobs, K. Kleinknecht, G. Quast, B. Renk, E. Rohne, H. G. Sander, H. Wachsmuth, C. Zeitnitz, A. Bonissent, J. Carr, P. Coyle, O. Leroy, P. Payre, D. Rousseau, M. Talby, M. Aleppo, F. Ragusa, A. David, H. Dietl, G. Ganis, K. Hüttmann, G. Lütjens, C. Mannert, W. Männer, H. G. Moser, R. Settles, H. Stenzel, W. Wiedenmann, G. Wolf, J. Boucrot, O. Callot, M. Davier, L. Duflot, J. F. Grivaz, P. Heusse, A. Jacholkowska, J. Lefrançois, J. J. Veillet, I. Videau, C. Yuan, G. Bagliesi, T. Boccali, G. Calderini, L. Foà, A. Giammanco, A. Giassi, F. Ligabue, A. Messineo, F. Palla, G. Sanguinetti, A. Sciabà, G. Sguazzoni, R. Tenchini, A. Venturi, P. G. Verdini, G. A. Blair, G. Cowan, M. G. Green, T. Medcalf, A. Misiejuk, J. A. Strong, P. Teixeira-Dias, J. H. von Wimmersperg-Toeller, R. W. Clifft, T. R. Edgecock, P. R. Norton, I. R. Tomalin, B. Bloch-Devaux, P. Colas, S. Emery, W. Kozanecki, E. Lançon, M. C. Lemaire, E. Locci, P. Perez, J. Rander, J. F. Renardy, A. Roussarie, J. P. Schuller, J. Schwindling, A. Trabelsi, B. Vallage, N. Konstantinidis, A. M. Litke, G. Taylor, C. N. Booth, S. Cartwright, F. Combley, M. Lehto, L. F. Thompson, K. Affholderbach, A. Böhrer, S. Brandt, C. Grupen, A. Ngac, G. Prange, U. Sieler, G. Giannini, J. Rothberg, S. R. Armstrong, K. Cranmer, P. Elmer, D. P.S. Ferguson, Y. Gao, S. González, O. J. Hayes, H. Hu, S. Jin, J. Kile, P. A. McNamara, J. Nielsen, W. Orejudos, Y. B. Pan, Y. Saadi, I. J. Scott, J. Walsh, W. Sau Lan, X. Wu, G. Zobernig

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Abstract

The fragmentation of b quarks into B mesons is studied with four million hadronic Z decays collected by the ALEPH experiment during the years 1991-1995. A semi-exclusive reconstruction of B → lvD(*) decays is performed, by combining lepton candidates with fully reconstructed D(*) mesons while the neutrino energy is estimated from the missing energy of the event. The mean value of xB wd, the energy of the weakly-decaying B meson normalised to the beam energy, is found to be (xB wd) = 0.716 ± 0.006 (stat) ± 0.006 (syst), using a model-independent method; the corresponding value for the energy of the leading B meson is (xB L) 0.736 ± 0.006 (stat) ± 0.006 (syst). The reconstructed spectra are compared with different fragmentation models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-48
Number of pages19
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume512
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 12 2001
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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