Study of phenylxylylethane (PXE) as scintillator for low energy neutrino experiments

H. O. Back, M. Balata, A. de Bari, T. Beau, A. de Bellefon, G. Bellini, Jay Burton Benziger, S. Bonetti, A. Brigatti, C. Buck, B. Caccianiga, L. Cadonati, Frank Calaprice, G. Cecchet, M. Chen, A. Di Credico, O. Dadoun, D. D'Angelo, A. Derbin, M. DeutschF. Elisei, A. Etenko, F. von Feilitzsch, R. Fernholz, R. Ford, D. Franco, B. Freudiger, Cristiano Galbiati, F. Gatti, S. Gazzana, M. G. Giammarchi, D. Giugni, M. Göger-Neff, A. Goretti, C. Grieb, E. de Haas, C. Hagner, W. Hampel, E. Harding, F. X. Hartmann, T. Hertrich, H. Hess, G. Heusser, A. Ianni, A. M. Ianni, H. de Kerret, J. Kiko, T. Kirsten, G. Korga, G. Korschinek, Y. Kozlov, D. Kryn, M. Laubenstein, C. Lendvai, F. Loeser, P. Lombardi, S. Malvezzi, J. Maneira, I. Manno, D. Manuzio, G. Manuzio, F. Masetti, A. Martemianov, U. Mazzucato, K. McCarty, E. Meroni, L. Miramonti, M. E. Monzani, P. Musico, L. Niedermeier, L. Oberauer, M. Obolensky, F. Ortica, M. Pallavicini, L. Papp, S. Parmeggiano, L. Perasso, A. Pocar, R. S. Raghavan, G. Ranucci, W. Rau, A. Razeto, E. Resconi, A. Sabelnikov, C. Salvo, R. Scardaoni, D. Schimizzi, S. Schönert, K. H. Schuhbeck, E. Seitz, H. Simgen, T. Shutt, M. Skorokhvatov, O. Smirnov, A. Sonnenschein, A. Sotnikov, S. Sukhotin, V. Tarasenkov, R. Tartaglia, G. Testera, D. Vignaud, R. B. Vogelaar, V. Vyrodov, M. Wojcik, O. Zaimidoroga, G. Zuzel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on the study of a new liquid scintillator target for neutrino interactions in the framework of the research and development program of the Borexino solar neutrino experiment. The scintillator consists of 1,2-dimethyl-4-(1-phenylethyl)-benzene (phenyl-o-xylylethane, PXE) as solvent and 1,4-diphenylbenzene (para-Terphenyl, p-Tp) as primary and 1,4-bis(2-methylstyryl)benzene (bis-MSB) as secondary solute. The density close to that of water and the high flash point makes it an attractive option for large scintillation detectors in general. The study focused on optical properties, radioactive trace impurities and novel purification techniques of the scintillator. Attenuation lengths of the scintillator mixture of 12 m at 430 nm were achieved after purification with an alumina column. A radiocarbon isotopic ratio of 14C / 12C = 9.1 × 10- 18 has been measured in the scintillator. Initial trace impurities, e.g. 238U at 3.2 × 10- 14 g / g could be purified to levels below 1 × 10- 17 g / g by silica gel solid column purification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-60
Number of pages13
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume585
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 21 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Keywords

  • Borexino
  • Low-background counting
  • Organic liquid scintillator
  • PXE
  • Phenyl-o-xylylethane
  • Solar neutrino spectroscopy

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  • Cite this

    Back, H. O., Balata, M., de Bari, A., Beau, T., de Bellefon, A., Bellini, G., Benziger, J. B., Bonetti, S., Brigatti, A., Buck, C., Caccianiga, B., Cadonati, L., Calaprice, F., Cecchet, G., Chen, M., Di Credico, A., Dadoun, O., D'Angelo, D., Derbin, A., ... Zuzel, G. (2008). Study of phenylxylylethane (PXE) as scintillator for low energy neutrino experiments. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 585(1-2), 48-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2007.10.045