Studies of high pressure 1,3-butadiene flame speeds and high temperature kinetics using hydrogen and oxygen sensitization

Hao Zhao, Zunhua Zhang, Yacine Rezgui, Ningbo Zhao, Yiguang Ju

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20 Scopus citations


The high pressure flame speeds and high temperature kinetics of 1,3-butadiene mixtures are studied by using spherical flames at fuel rich and lean conditions at 1–18 atm with H2 and O2 additions. H2 and O2 are added in the mixture to perturb concentrations of H/O radicals and the flame speed sensitivity to 1,3-butadiene + O/H reactions. The presently measured 1,3-butadiene/air flame speeds agree with previous studies at ambient pressure, but are lower at 5 atm. Comparison between the new experimental data and the prediction by the recently developed 1,3-butadiene model (Zhou et al., 2018) shows over-prediction of the flame speeds, especially at high pressure and fuel lean conditions. With H2 and O2 sensitization, the discrepancy between the model prediction and experiments becomes even larger. Sensitivity analysis shows that the flame speed is very sensitive to 1,3-butadiene + O/H reactions, especially to the branching and termination reaction ratio of 1,3-C4H6 + O = C2H3+ CH2CHO (R1) and 1,3-C4H6+ O = CH2O + C3H4-a (R2). The sensitivity of the flame speed to the branching ratio of these two reactions increases with the increase of H2 and O2 enrichment. Due to the lack of accurate theoretical calculations of these two reaction rates, the new flame speed data and previously measured ignition delay time were used to assess the uncertainty of the branching ratio and reaction rates of R1 and R2. It shows that the optimized branching ratio significantly improves the flame speed and ignition delay time predictions, especially at high pressure and fuel lean conditions. The present study reveals that H2 and O2 sensitization in flames provides an important way to identify the uncertainties of fuel + O/H reactions and to improve the model predictability for flames.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-141
Number of pages7
JournalCombustion and Flame
StatePublished - Feb 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


  • 1,3-Butadiene
  • Flame speed
  • High pressure
  • High temperature kinetics
  • Spherical flame


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