Structure, stoichiometry, and properties of the chimney-ladder phases Ru2Ge3+x (0 < x < 1)

M. A. Hayward, A. P. Ramirez, R. J. Cava

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The preparation and physical characterization of non-stoichiometric Ru2Ge3+x (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) are reported for the first time. The defect TiSi2-type chimney-ladder structure is maintained for the full stoichiometry range. The resistivity of Ru2Ge3+x increases systematically with x from 300 m Ω cm, x = 0-3 Ω cm, x = 1 at 300 K. The temperature dependence is consistent with a variable range-hopping mechanism for x ≥ 0.6. The Seebeck coefficients of samples do not evolve simply with x. A low thermal conductivity (κ300 K = 0.03 W/K cm) suggests that Ru2Ge3 has some of the properties of a phonon-glass-electron-crystal. The low value of the thermoelectric figure of merit ZT = 3.2 × 10-3 (T = 300 K) calculated for Ru2Ge3 is due primarily to a low conductivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-394
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


  • Electronic properties
  • Incommensurate structure
  • RuGe


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