Structure of monolayer tin oxide films on Pt(111) formed using NO2 as an efficient oxidant

Matthias Batzill, David E. Beck, Bruce E. Koel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Submonolayer Sn deposits on Pt(111) and Sn incorporated in a (√3 × √3)R30° Sn/Pt(111) surface alloy were oxidized by NO2 under ultrahigh-vacuum conditions. The oxide films formed were characterized by Auger-electron spectroscopy, low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). Four different surface morphologies were identified, depending on the preparation conditions, each of them exhibiting a distinct LEED pattern. STM revealed two ordered epitaxial overlayers. One is interpreted as the adsorption of SnO pseudomolecules at preferential sites to form a (4 × 4) coincidence lattice with the substrate. The other structure forms an incommensurate tin oxide overlayer, exhibiting a long-range Moiré pattern. The remaining LEED patterns are associated with the formation of a regular stress-relief pattern that can transform into an ordered array of tin oxide islands upon repeated oxidation. This ordered island array exhibited a (5 × 5) superlattice with respect to the Pt(111) substrate. The variety of SnOx overlayer morphologies is attributed to subtle differences in the oxide stoichiometry and alterations in the oxide/metal interface, in particular Pt-Sn alloying.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number245402
Pages (from-to)2454021-24540210
Number of pages22086190
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 15 2001
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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