We discuss the oxidation of carbon nanotubes and how it is affected by structure and geometry. While graphite is known to oxidize primarily at defects to create etch pits, nanotubes have additional structural features such as high curvature, helicity, and contain five and seven membered rings which modify the initiation and propagation of oxidation. Oxidation does not necessarily start at the tip of the tubes, and there are pronounced differential oxidation rates between layers which depend on the helicity of the individual shells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering