Structure and composition analysis of the phases in the system Th-Pd-B-C containing superconductors with Tc = 14.5 K and Tc = 21 K

H. W. Zandbergen, T. J. Gortenmulder, J. L. Sarrac, J. C. Harrison, M. C. de Andrade, J. Hermann, S. H. Han, Z. Fisk, M. B. Maple, R. J. Cava

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Abstract

Several specimens in the system Th-Pd-B-C with nominal compositions ThPd3B2C and ThPd3B3C (as melted and annealed), containing superconducting phases exhibiting Tc's of 14.5 K and 21 K, have been studied with EPMA, electron diffraction, EDX element analysis and HREM. A number of phases (approximate compositions are given) have been observed: (1) ThPd2B2C, I-centered tetragonal, a = 0.375, c = 1.07 nm, which can be related to the Tc of 14.5 K; (2) ThPd0.65B4.7, P-type cubic, a = 0.42 nm, with short-range ordered superstructure resulting in diffuse streaks in the electron-diffraction pattern; this phase is suggested to be the 21 K superconducting phase; (3) ThPd3 P-type hexagonal, a = 0.58, c = 0.98 nm; (4) ThPd8B3, I-centred orthorhombic a = 0.84, b = 0.90, c = 1.67 nm; (5) ThPd3B2C, with unknown structure; (6) ThB4, tetragonal a = 0.72, c = 0.41 nm; (7) graphitic C. Annealing of the specimen ThPd3B2C at 1050°C results in the disappearance of ThPd2B2C and the loss of the Tc at 14.5 K but a strong increase of the 21 K superconducting fraction with a corresponding strong increase of the phases ThPd0.65B4.7 and ThPd3. HREM indicates that ThPd0.65B4.7 adopts a modified CaB6 structure in which the cube face, 1 2, 1 2, 0, which is vacant in CaB6, is partially occupied by Pd with the removal of some B atoms. The superstructure indicates a short-range ordering (clustering) of the Pd atoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-336
Number of pages9
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Volume232
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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    Zandbergen, H. W., Gortenmulder, T. J., Sarrac, J. L., Harrison, J. C., de Andrade, M. C., Hermann, J., Han, S. H., Fisk, Z., Maple, M. B., & Cava, R. J. (1994). Structure and composition analysis of the phases in the system Th-Pd-B-C containing superconductors with Tc = 14.5 K and Tc = 21 K. Physica C: Superconductivity and its applications, 232(3-4), 328-336. https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-4534(94)90791-9