Structural templating of chloro-aluminum phthalocyanine layers for planar and bulk heterojunction organic solar cells

Bregt Verreet, Robert Müller, Barry P. Rand, Karolien Vasseur, Paul Heremans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Chloro-aluminum phthalocyanine (ClAlPc) film growth on 1H,1H,2H,2H- perfluorodecyltrichlorosilane (FDTS) and MoO3 is studied and correlated to ClAlPc/C60 solar cell performance for both planar and bulk heterojunction (HJ) architectures. On top of unheated substrates, ClAlPc films grow amorphous independent of the substrate surface. When heated to 105 °C, ClAlPc grows with a face-on orientation on MoO3, with a crystalline phase I-like absorption profile. On FDTS, the film is optically characterized as phase II, and adopts an edge-on orientation. Implemented in planar HJ cells, the latter films show a substantially higher current compared to the other growth conditions, leading to 3% efficient cells. This current increase is investigated with spectral response and reflectivity measurements, and is found to be related to a more efficient exciton dissociation. Next, ClAlPc and C60 are co-evaporated on FDTS and MoO3 modified ITO substrates to fabricate bulk HJ devices. Notably, we find that when a thin pure "templating" layer of ClAlPc is grown first, the subsequently grown ClAlPc:C60 bulk HJ propagates the templating effect, and films show a higher crystallinity than without this templating layer, with higher fill factors as a result. On MoO3, this approach yields efficiencies above 4%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2131-2139
Number of pages9
JournalOrganic Electronics
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Bulk heterojunction
  • Chloro-aluminum phthalocyanine
  • FDTS
  • Organic solar cell
  • Structural templating


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