Recently, both charge density wave (CDW) and superconductivity have been observed in the kagome compounds AV3Sb5. However, the nature of the CDW that results in many novel charge modulations is still under hot debate. Based on the first-principles calculations, we discover two kinds of CDW states in AV3Sb5, namely, the trimerized-hexamerized 2×2 phase and the dimerized 4×1 phase. Our phonon spectrum and electronic Lindhard function calculations reveal that the most intensive structural instability in AV3Sb5 originates from a combined in-plane vibration mode of V atoms through the electron-phonon coupling, rather than the Fermi surface nesting effect. More importantly, a metastable 4×1 phase with the V-V dimer pattern and twofold symmetric bow-tie-shaped charge modulation is revealed in CsV3Sb5. Further analyses demonstrate that both the in-plane phonon instability and c direction interaction play important roles during the 4×1 phase formation, which provides key understanding for the mechanism of the 4×1 CDW and relative novel phenomena in CsV3Sb5.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics