Structural anomalies, oxygen ordering and superconductivity in oxygen deficient Ba2YCu3Ox

R. J. Cava, A. W. Hewat, E. A. Hewat, B. Batlogg, M. Marezio, K. M. Rabe, J. J. Krajewski, W. F. Peck, L. W. Rupp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1050 Scopus citations


We report the characterization of series of oxygen deficient Ba2YCu3Ox samples for 7 ≥ x ≥ 6 prepared by Zr gettered annealing at 440°C. Measurements include complete crystal structure analysis at 5 K by powder neutron diffraction, electron microscopy study of the oxygen ordering, and magnetic measurements of the superconducting transitions, with particular attention to the transition widths. The results show for the first time that the 90 K and 60 K plateaus in Tc as a function of oxygen stoichiometry are associated with plateaus in the effective valence of the plane coppers. We also correlate the disappearance of superconductivity for x < 6.5 with an abrupt transfer of negative charge into the CuO2 planes. We propose that different ordering schemes of oxygen have different characteristic Tc's between 90 and 60 K.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-433
Number of pages15
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - Feb 15 1990
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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