Structural and electronic properties of composite BxCyNz nanotubes and heterojunctions

X. Blase, J. Ch Charlier, A. De Vita, R. Car

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

136 Scopus citations

Abstract

The structure, stability and electronic properties of composite BxCyNz nanotubes and related heterojunctions have been studied using both ab initio and semi-empirical approaches. Pure BN nanotubes present a very stable quasiparticle band gap around 5.5-6.0 eV independent of the tube radius and helicity. The bottom of the conduction bands is controlled by a nearly-free-electronn state localized inside the nanotube, suggesting interesting properties under doping. In the case of nanotubes with BC2N stoichiometry, we show that in the thermodynamic limit the system is driven towards segregation of pure C and BN sections. This demixing significantly affects the electronic properties of such materials. The same process of segregation into BC3 islands is evidenced in the case of B-doped carbon nanotubes. These spontaneous segregation processes lead to the formation of quantum dots or nanotube heterojunctions. In particular, C/BN superlattices or isolated junctions have been investigated as specific examples of the wide variety of electronic devices that can be realized using such nanotubes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-300
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Volume68
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1999
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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