Strong similarities in seasonal concentration ratios of SO42−, NO3 and NH4+ in precipitation between Sweden and the northeastern US

Lars O. Hedin, LENNART GRANAT, GENE E. LIKENS, HENNING RODHE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We analyzed 21‐year long records of precipitation chemistry from central Scandinavia and the north‐eastern US to compare seasonal variations of three major pollutant ions, SO42−, NO3 and NH4+. Seasonal variations in concentrations of the individual ions were distinctly different between the two regions. However, despite these differences, we found strong and unexpected similarities between the two regions in seasonal variations of the concentration ratios NO3/SO42−, NH4+/NO3 and NH4+/SO42−. A preliminary analysis suggests that these similarities are due to similarities between the two regions in chemical transformation and removal processes affecting SO42− and NO3 in the atmosphere, and to a coupling between NH4+ and SO42− aerosol in long‐range transport. Ion ratios appear to be less sensitive to seasonal variations in SO2 and NOx emissions compared to individual ion concentrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)454-462
Number of pages9
JournalTellus B
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

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