Strong flame acceleration and detonation limit of hydrogen-oxygen mixture at cryogenic temperature

Xiaobo Shen, Wenju Fu, Wenkai Liang, Jennifer X. Wen, Haifeng Liu, Chung K. Law

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


A series of experiments were carried out in a closed tube at cryogenic temperature (77 K) for hydrogen-oxygen mixtures. Flame propagation speed and overpressure were measured by optical fibers and pressure sensors, respectively. The first and second shock waves were captured in the cryogenic experiments, although the shock waves always precede the flames in all cases indicating the absence of stable detonation. However, strong flame acceleration was observed for all situations, which is consistent with the prediction by expansion ratio and Zeldovich number. Besides, the tube diameter and length are also critical for flame acceleration to supersonic. All the flames in this work accelerate drastically reaching the C-J deflagration state. But at 0.4 atm, only fast flame is formed, while at higher initial pressures, the flame further accelerates to a galloping mode manifesting a near-limit detonation, which could be indicated by the stability parameter χ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2967-2977
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


  • Cryogenic temperature
  • Fast flame
  • Galloping mode
  • Hydrogen
  • Strong flame acceleration


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