String theory and classical absorption by three-branes

Steven S. Gubser, Igor R. Klebanov, Arkady A. Tseytlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

207 Scopus citations

Abstract

Low-energy absorption cross sections for various particles falling into extreme non-dilatonic branes are calculated using string theory and world-volume field theory methods. The results are compared with classical absorption by the corresponding gravitational backgrounds. For the self-dual three-brane, earlier work by one of us demonstrated precise agreement of the absorption cross sections for the dilaton, and here we extend the result to Ramond-Ramond scalars and to gravitons polarized parallel to the brane. In string theory, the only absorption channel available to dilatons and Ramond-Ramond scalars at leading order is conversion into a pair of gauge bosons on the three-brane. For gravitons polarized parallel to the brane, scalars, fermions and gauge bosons all make leading-order contributions to the cross section, which remarkably add up to the value predicted by classical gravity. For the two-brane and five-brane of M-theory, numerical coefficients fail to agree, signaling our lack of a precise understanding of the world-volume theory for large numbers of coincident branes. In many cases, we note a remarkable isotropy in the final state particle flux within the brane. We also consider the generalization to higher partial waves of minimally coupled scalars. We demonstrate agreement for the three-brane at ℓ = 1 and indicate that further work is necessary to understand ℓ > 1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-240
Number of pages24
JournalNuclear Physics B
Volume499
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 18 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Keywords

  • Coincident membranes
  • Extremal black holes

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