STM and LEED observations of a c(2 × 2) Ge overlayer on Pt(1 0 0)

Taketoshi Matsumoto, Matthias Batzill, Bruce E. Koel

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We have investigated surface structures formed by deposition of 0.2 and 0.5-ML Ge on Pt(1 0 0) by using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and low electron energy diffraction (LEED). In addition, their temperature dependence and reactivity to CO have been studied. We observed the formation of disordered domains for Ge adatom coverages below 0.25-ML and complete c(2 × 2) structures at 0.25 to 0.5-ML Ge after annealing at 600-1200 K. Deposition of 0.2-ML Ge on a clean, hexagonally reconstructed (5 × 20)-Pt(1 0 0) substrate at 400 K lifts the reconstruction and ejects excess Pt atoms from the first layer into the adlayer. After annealing this surface to 600 K, the deposited Ge formed Ge adatoms on flat terraces and on round Pt adislands with incomplete c(2 × 2) structures, in addition to the presence of clean (1 × 1)-Pt(1 0 0) domains that were several nanometers across. Some domains of the unreconstructed (5 × 20)-Pt(1 0 0) surface still remained. After the deposition of 0.5-ML Ge and annealing at 600 K, disordered Ge domains disappeared and a c(2 × 2) Ge overlayer was produced all over the surface. Square terraces with square domains of the clean (1 × 1)-Pt(1 0 0) surface extended for nanometers. Annealing this surface to 900 K produced disordered Ge domains, and this was associated with an increase in Ge vacancies. When surfaces with 0.2-ML Ge were heated to 900 or 1200 K, or when a surface with 0.5-ML Ge was heated to 1200 K, larger domains of (5 × 20)-Pt(1 0 0) were formed with the agglomeration of disordered Ge adatoms. Pt clusters were observed in the Ge domains, and we consider these to be composed of those excess Pt atoms formed by lifting the reconstruction of the (5 × 20)-Pt(1 0 0) surface upon Ge agglomeration during cooling. A paper published elsewhere [T. Matsumoto, C. Ho, M. Batzill, B.E. Koel, Physical Review B, submitted for publication.] describes Na+-ion scattering spectroscopy (Na+-ISS) and X-ray photoelectron diffraction (XPD) experiments that distinguish between Ge present in an overlayer from incorporation into the top Pt layer to form a surface alloy for the surface structures reported here. Furthermore, these investigations revealed that disordered Ge adatoms observed herein might be associated with incomplete c(2 × 2) structures. Therefore, our observations of the formation of complete and incomplete domains of c(2 × 2) Ge adatoms indicate that interactions between Ge adatoms are repulsive at nearest neighbor distances and attractive at second-nearest neighbor distances. Regarding the reactivity of these surfaces, CO does not chemisorb on a Pt(1 0 0) surface with a c(2 × 2)-Ge overlayer and no measurable CO uptake was observed under UHV conditions at 220 K.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2255-2262
Number of pages8
JournalSurface Science
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


  • Alloy
  • Germanium
  • Low energy electron diffraction
  • Platinum
  • Scanning tunneling microscopy


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