All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Arts and Humanities(all)
- "Stirring shades" - The Romantic Ode and Its Afterlives
- Baillie's genius for demystification - nowhere clearer than in her virtuosic "Lines to a Teapot"
- Byron returns Liberty to the fray - in his odes on demise of Napoleon, Liberty's hands are stained with blood
- Gray's "Progress of Poesy" - poetry chaffing at "Freedom's holy flame"
- Keats's "Ode on Indolence," beneath the passive tenses - perceiving his own hand stirring the urn
- Ode that sacrifices liberties to appetites - Charles Lamb's caustic "Pindaric Ode to the Tread Mill," homage to Defoe's "Hymn to the Pillory"
- Odes of Progress - "the sword, in myrtles dressed"
- Odes of the revolutionary-Napoleonic era and its aftermath - pageants of progress
- The Bard, uncannily prophesies poetry's revival in the hands of Shakespeare, Milton - more "distant warblings"
- Trio of shades, Liberty, the Nightingale, and Melancholy - "the Romantic Ode" is itself a shade, a lyric afterlife of two eighteenth-century discourses