Stereotype content model explains prejudice for an envied outgroup: Scale of anti-Asian American stereotypes

Monica H. Lin, Virginia S.Y. Kwan, Anna Cheung, Susan T. Fiske

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

232 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Stereotype Content Model hypothesizes anti-Asian American stereotypes differentiating two dimensions: (excessive) competence and (deficient) sociability. The Scale of Anti-Asian American Stereotypes (SAAAS) shows this envious mixed prejudice in six studies. Study 1 began with 131 racial attitude items. Studies 2 and 3 tested 684 respondents on a focused 25-item version. Studies 4 and 5 tested the final 25-item SAAAS on 222 respondents at three campuses; scores predicted outgroup friendships, cultural experiences, and (over)estimated campus presence. Study 6 showed that allegedly low sociability, rather than excessively high competence, drives rejection of Asian Americans, consistent with system justification theory. The SAAAS demonstrates mixed, envious anti-Asian American prejudice, contrasting with more-often-studied contemptuous racial prejudices (i.e., against Blacks).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-47
Number of pages14
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology

Keywords

  • Ambivalent
  • Asian american
  • Attitude
  • Prejudice
  • Stereotype

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