Statistics of natural images: Scaling in the woods

Daniel L. Ruderman, William Bialek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

665 Scopus citations


We study the statistics of an ensemble of images taken in the woods. Distributions of local quantities such as contrast are scale invariant and have nearly exponential tails. Power spectra exhibit scaling with a nontrivial exponent. These data limit the information content of natural images and point to the importance of gain-control strategies in visual processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)814-817
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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