The minimum dimensions of bipolar transistors with ion implanted impurity profiles for predictable device and system behavior is calculated on the basis of limitations arising from the random positions of the implanted impurities. Doubly-stochastic effects arising from uncertainty in exact implantation parameters are included, and are shown to be of first order importance in the specification of minimum size for a given chip yield. For example, a ± 10% uncertainty in the standard deviation of one of the implants has been found to increase the minimum dimension by approximately a factor of 4. For a chip yield of 99% against this limitation, the minimum emitter size is of the order of 1 ≲ L ≲ 5 μm when a straight-forward scaling theory is applied to dimensions and impurity concentrations from present device designs and a parity check on a bit word is applied.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering